(Joseph Maurice Le Noblet Duplessis)
AND PLACE OF BIRTH:
1890.04.20 - Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada.
AND PLACE OF DEATH:
1959.09.07 - Schefferville, Quebec, Canada.
Conservative Party of Quebec (Parti conservateur du Québec):
Union Nationale (l'Union nationale): 1935-1959.
28 August 1936 - 8 November 1939.
30 August 1944 - 7 September 1959 .
NATIONAL ASSEMBLY (Député):
1956.06.20 - Trois-Rivières - Re-Elected.
1952.07.16 - Trois-Rivières - Re-Elected.
1948.07.28 - Trois-Rivières - Re-Elected.
1944.08.08 - Trois-Rivières - Re-Elected.
1939.10.25 - Trois-Rivières - Re-Elected.
1935.08.17 - Trois-Rivières - Re-Elected.
1935.11.25 - Trois-Rivières - Re-Elected.
1931.08.24 - Trois-Rivières - Re-Elected.
1927.05.16 - Trois-Rivières - Elected.
1923.02.05 - Trois-Rivières - Defeated.
Leader of the Opposition:
1932.11.07 - 1936.08.28 and 8 November 1939 - 30 August 1944.
QUEBEC PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT:
Minister of Roads (1938.07.07 - 1938.11.30).
Minister of Lands and Forests (1937.02.23 - 1938.07.27)
Leader of the Conservative Party of Quebec (Parti Conservateur du
Québec), October 1933 - November 1935. The PCQ finished third
in the 1935 Quebec general election (19%), winning 17 seats (gain of
6 seats). Duplessis negotiated a coalition between the PCQ and the Action
libérale nationale (ALN), a party of dissident reform Liberals
and nationalists who had quit the governing Parti libéral du
Québec, shortly before the 1935 elections. The ALN was second
(30%) with 25 seats. Within weeks after the 1935 election, the PCQ and
ALN combined to form a the Union Nationale.
Leader of the Union Nationale, November 1935 - September 1959. In
1936, the Union Nationale won 57%, captured 76 seats (gain of 34 seats)
and won a governing majority. In 1939, the Union Nationale was second
with 39%, captured 15 seats (loss of 61 seats) and was reduced to official
opposition status. In 1944, the Union Nationale won 38%, 48 seats (gain
of 33 seats) and a governing majority. In 1948, the Union Nationale
won 51% and 82 seats (gain of 34 seats) and retained governing status.
In 1952, the Union Nationale won 51% and 68 seats (loss of 14 seats)
and retained governing status. In 1956, the Union Nationale won 52%
and 72 seats (gain of 4 seats) and retained governing status.
Known as "Le Chef, " Duplessis was Premier of Quebec for a
record-breaking five terms. As Premier, he made the fleur-de-lis flag
the official flag of Quebec. Many historians describe the arguably authoritarian
Duplessis era as "la grande noirceur" ("the great darkness").
nationale du Québec: Maurice Duplessis and CBC
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