1976 / 1981
1980 Quebec "Sovereignty-Association"
AND PLACE OF BIRTH:
1922.08.22 - Campbellton, New Brunswick, Canada.
AND PLACE OF DEATH:
1987.11.01 - Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Journalist. TV News Program Host.
Liberal (Parti Libéral du Québec): 1960-1967. Quit
the PLQ when the Liberals refused to allow a sovereignty debate at the
October 1967 convention.
Parti Québécois (PQ): 1968-1987.
OF QUEBEC (Premier ministre du Québec):
25 November 1976 - 3 October 1985.
NATIONAL ASSEMBLY (Député):
1985 - Retired, did not seek re-election.
1981.04.13 - Taillon - Re-Elected.
1976.11.15 - Taillon - Elected.
1973.10.29 - Dorion - Defeated.
1970.04.29 - Laurier - Defeated.
1966.06.05 - Laurier - Re-Elected.
1962.11.14 - Montreal-Laurier - Re-Elected.
1960.06.22 - Montreal-Laurier - Elected.
QUEBEC PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT:
Minister of Family and Welfare (1965.10.14 - 1966.06.16).
Minister of Natural Resources (1961.03.28 - 1966.01.19).
Minister of Hydroelectric Resources and Public Works (1960.07.05 - 1961.03.28).
Leader, Parti Québécois (October 1968 - June 1985).
In the 1970 elections, the PQ won 7 seats and 23% of the vote. In the
1973 elections, the PQ won 6 seats (loss of 1 seat) and 30% of the vote.
In the 1976 elections, the PQ won 71 seats (gain of 65 seats) and 41%
of the vote, and captured a governing majority. In the 1981 elections,
the PQ won 80 seats (gain of 9 seat), 49% of the vote, and held majority
governing status. Resigned as Leader in June 1985 in a dispute over
the PQ's future political strategy related to the sovereignty issue.
Founder of Mouvement Souveraineté-Association (MSA) in
1967, which soon merged with Ralliement National sovereigntist
party to form the sovereigntist Parti Québécois in October
In May 1980, Levesque
directed the OUI (Yes) campaign in the 1980 Quebec referendum on the
PQ's so-called "sovereignty-association" plan. The result:
YES - 40%, NO - 60% (with 86% turnout). Lévesque conceded defeat
but his concession speech called upon sovereigntists to continue the
fight "à la prochaine fois" ("until the
nationale du Québec: René Lévesque, The
Canadian Encyclopedia: René Lévesque, CBC
Archives: René Lévesque's Separatist Fight and Radio-Canada.ca:
René Lévesque : «Un parti à fonder, un pays